Order proposed by Rea (after Patouillard) for basidiomycetes having macroscopic basidiocarps in which the hymenophore is flattened (Thelephoraceae), club-like (Clavariaceae), tooth like (Hydnaceae) or has the hymenium lining tubes (Polyporaceae) or sometimes on the lamellae, the poroid or lamellate hymenophores being tough and not fleshy as in Agaricales. Traditionally the order has a core of 4 families (as indicated above) based on hymenophore shape but detailed microscopic studies of basidiocarp structure and molecular evidencehas shown these groupings to be unnatural. Keys to 550 spp. In culture are given by Stalpers(Stud.mycol.16,1978). (Dictionary of The Fungi, Kirk et al.2008)
Aphyllophorales are mostly saprobes on soil, wood liter; if they are internal parasites they then form a distict external basidiocarp with a hymenophore and supporting tissues.The basidiocarp is basically gymnocarpous, appressed, effused, effuso-reflexed, sessile-pileate,stipitate-pileate, discoid, cupulate, clavate or coralloid with radial or flattened branching. The hymennophore is unilateral or amphigenous, smooth ,dentate; plicate(with fertile edges to the folds) or tubular with discrete tubes or coalesced and firmly united with the woody, corky or coriaceous-membranous(not fleshy) context.The hymenium is a more or less thickening euhymenium or a catahymenium, often associated sterile hyphidia, cystidia, gloeocystidia, setae or gloeovessels.The basidia are holobasidiate and rarely have adventitious septa in the metabasidium or sterigmata; they also rarely proliferate in apical linear sussession.The sterigmata are typically curved slender tapering , rarely digitate and straight and stout.The basidiospores are forcibly discharged and not repetitive, hyaline or coloured, smooth ornamented, sometimes amyloid, dextrinoid or cyanophilous, very rarely septate and thin/thick walled. The hyphae are combined in monomitic, dimitic or trimitic systems and are hyaline or colored, with or without clamp connections , rarely amyloid, dextrinoid or cyanophilous. (The Fungi IV B, Ainsworth et al. 1973)
The Indian Aphyllofungal Database (IAD) is a simple reference database.
Beinig a database of references, the structure of this relational database is very simple and easy to use.
Each record in the database has a unique identification number. For example, 'UID123' stands for 'Unique Identification number 123'. In addition to this identification number there is another identification number which uniquely identifies individual species. This number is called 'IAD' number. This number is useful since there can be more than one references to a single individual species. For example, there are two records for Abortiporus biennis. Thus this record has two UIDs, viz. UID99 and UID729. But the species has single unique IAD number IAD1.
1. Search : Users can build simple as well as complex queries. The search results are alphabettically arranged according to generic and specific names. The IAD numbers are also given in the search results.
2. Browse : Database can be browsed by three hierarchical catagories viz. Family, Genus and Species. In addition to this, all records can also be browsed at a time. The number of sub entries are shown at each level of browsing.
Above two options allow the users to query the database in varied ways.
All information of a particular record can be viewed in a card viewer which opens in the same page by clicking on a name in the search/browse result.
The Indian Aphyllofungal Database (IAD) has been linked to MycoBank.
Database Management System : MySQL 5.0
Server : Apache 2.2
Server side script : PHP
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|    About Database|
|Number of Families ||: ||52 |
|Number of Genera ||:||190 |
|Total number of Species ||:||1217 |
|Total number of records ||:||1646 |
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